Father Theodore Hesburgh Stamp September 1 Nationwide

Father Theodore Hesburgh
Father Theodore Hesburgh

The U.S. Postal Service will honor Father Theodore Hesburgh with a commemorative forever stamp issued in two formats (a pane of 20 and a coil of 50) on Friday, September 1.

The ceremony will take place at 1 p.m. at the University of Notre Dame in the Purcell Pavilion at the Joyce Center in Notre Dame, Indiana.

The first-day-of-issue dedication ceremony event is free and open to the public. Scheduled to participate are Megan J. Brennan, Postmaster General and Chief Executive Officer of the United States Postal Service; The Honorable Condoleezza Rice, 66th Secretary of State of the United States; Rev. John I. Jenkins, C.S.C. President, University of Notre Dame; Rev. Austin I. Collins, C.S.C. Religious Superior of Holy Cross Priests and Brothers, University of Notre Dame; Rev. Thomas J.O’Hara, C.S.C. Provincial Superior, Congregation of Holy Cross; and Richard “Digger” Phelps, Former Citizens’ Stamp Advisory Committee Member.

Here is some additional background on the stamp issue from the U.S. Postal Service:

The Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, (1917–2015), longtime president of the University of Notre Dame, is considered one of the most important academic, religious and civic leaders of the 20th century.

Appointed to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights in 1957, Hesburgh helped to compile reports on racial discrimination and the denial of voting rights that resulted in the Omnibus Civil Rights Act of 1964. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom the same year, and later founded the Center for Civil and Human Rights at Notre Dame.

A champion of causes ranging from education to immigration reform to the plight of underdeveloped nations, Hesburgh worked with many organizations that reflected his beliefs, including the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, the National Science Board, the Overseas Development Council, and the Select Committee on Immigration and Refugee Policy. An advocate for limiting nuclear arms, he was the Vatican’s representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1956-1970.

Ordained into the priesthood of the Congregation of Holy Cross in 1943, Hesburgh was appointed to the faculty at Notre Dame in 1945. He became Notre Dame’s 15th president in 1952, a position he held for 35 years, the longest presidential term in the university’s history. Hesburgh spearheaded successful efforts to strengthen the faculty and administration, improve academic standards and increase the university’s endowment.

In 1987, Hesburgh stepped down as Notre Dame’s president, devoting his time in retirement to supporting university initiatives, in particular the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, and serving on various boards and presidential commissions.

Hesburgh was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2000, one of many awards and honors received during his lifetime.

Total Solar Eclipse Stamp Product of Several Voices

The United States Postal Service’s Total Eclipse of the Sun stamp is the collaboration of several interested voices, according to Antonio Alcalá, the stamp’s art director for the USPS.

The stamp was issued in June in anticipation of the August 21 eclipse, which will travel the length of the United States from the Pacific Northwest to the Southeastern Seaboard.

On June 20, the Summer Solstice, the USPS issued a first-ever stamp with changeable ink. The forever stamp, currently sold at 49 cents and forever valid for first-class domestic mail, has a darkened orb — such as an eclipsed sun — but when heated (such as under a thumb) turns into the face of the moon.

The stamp uses thermochromic ink to create its special effect. The dark, round image of the eclipse on the stamp transforms into the illuminated moon from the heat of a finger. The image turns black again when it cools. This is the first time such ink has been used on a U.S. stamp, according to the Postal Service.

The Postal Service warns that thermochromic inks are vulnerable to UV light and should be kept out of direct sunlight as much as possible to preserve this special effect.

The forever stamp is issued in a pane of 16. Alcalá of Alexandria, Virginia, designed the stamp. The stamp features a photograph of an eclipse taken by Fred “Mr. Eclipse” Espenak on March 29, 2006 in Jalu, Libya. Espenak, of Portal, Arizona, is a retired NASA astrophysicist and is considered by many to be the world’s leading authority on total solar eclipses with 27 under his belt.

“I’m honored to have my images on this unique stamp,” Espenak said. “But more importantly, the stamp will spread the news about America’s great eclipse to many more people than I could ever reach,” said Espenak, who began collecting eclipse stamps after witnessing his first as a teenager. “A total eclipse of the sun is simply the most beautiful, stunning and awe-inspiring astronomical event you can see with the naked eye.”

On the back of the pane is a map of the United States showing the path of totality, those places where the sun will be completely blocked as the moon passes between it and Earth. “The 70-mile-wide shadow path of the eclipse, known as the path of totality, will traverse the country diagonally, appearing first in Oregon (mid-morning local time) and exiting some 2,500 miles east and 90 minutes later off the coast of South Carolina (mid-afternoon local time),” the pane says.

Major cities in the path that are identified on the map are Salem, Oregon; Idaho Falls, Idaho; Casper, Wyoming; Lincoln, Nebraska.; Kansas City, Kansas.; St. Louis, Missouri.; Nashville, Tennessee; and Charleston, South Carolina.

We asked Alcalá a few questions about creating the stamp and the pane.

When did you start working on this stamp?
Spring 2016

Can you give us any background on how an eclipse stamp came to be? Did a specific group or groups promote it through Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee? Was it a CSAC idea?
It was a combination of both CSAC and USPS interest in the event based on our research.

Please tell us how and when this unique printing concept came about? Who suggested it?
I was investigating various ways to represent the eclipse on a stamp while simultaneously exploring different printing techniques. I suggested thermochromic ink as a way to represent the event in a way that would engage the public and also provide educational content. USPS supported this idea and printing technique from the moment it was first proposed.

Which came first, the concept of thermochromic ink or Mr. Espenak’s images?
As mentioned, I was exposed to the images and the printing technique as a possibility fairly simultaneously.

How did the testing (or trial and error) phase go? Did the stamp work as expected immediately or did adjustments have to be made? If so, what kind of adjustments?
There was a bit of testing to gauge how much ink to lay over the moon image to get the desired effect.

Were there any specific challenges in the printing process involving this special ink?
Though it wasn’t really a challenge, the printing of the underlying image and the thermochromic disc happened at two different locations.

What kind of imagery did Mr. Espenak supply?
Mr. Espenak provided a high resolution electronic file of the image shown on the stamp. 

The stamp has the wording in a tone of white. Was there any thought to use a different color, especially with white as the dominant color of the sun’s corona?
No, I did not consider a different color. In part, I envisioned this stamp as a companion to the previously released stamps featuring the planets and Pluto. Therefore, I used the same format. But I also think the type is quite legible without being intrusive.

Is there anything else interesting you would like to share about this stamp?
I’m thrilled that it turned out so well. The stamp is exactly as originally envisioned. A real success!

A Shining Moment for USPS’s Gaze at a Dark Day — August 21, 2017

The United States Postal Service has gone all out for the Total Eclipse of the Sun, which will occur August 21 from the northwest corner of the continental U.S. to South Carolina’s Atlantic Coast in the southeast. The moon on Monday will come between the Earth and sun. A shadow will totally block the sun from our sight for a 70-mile-wide path across the country. Those outside the path of totality will experience a partial solar eclipse.

This is the first time a total solar eclipse has been visible in the U.S. since 1979 and it’s the first time in 99 years such an eclipse as occurred entirely across the Lower 48, according to space.com. Several locales in Tennessee — such as Gallatin, Lebanon and Madisonville — get close to the maximum duration of totality, about 2 minutes and 40 seconds.

“One astronomer has said it will be the ‘most photographed, most shared, most tweeted event in human history,’ ” the Washington Post said in a recent story.

This special occasion called for a special stamp.

On June 20, the Summer Solstice, the USPS issued a first-ever stamp with changeable ink. The forever stamp, currently sold at 49 cents and forever valid for first-class domestic mail, has a darkened orb — such as an eclipsed sun — but when heated (such as under a thumb) turns into the face of the moon.

Post offices along the path have planned special events or postal cancellations for the eclipse. An interactive map from the U.S. Postal Service shows the swath of the eclipse and all of the post offices directly in its path.

The stamp uses thermochromic ink to create its special effect. The dark, round image of the eclipse on the stamp transforms into the illuminated moon from the heat of a finger. The image turns black again when it cools. This is the first time such ink has been used on a U.S. stamp, according to the Postal Service.

The Postal Service warns that thermochromic inks are vulnerable to UV light and should be kept out of direct sunlight as much as possible to preserve this special effect. To help ensure longevity, the Postal Service is offering a special dark envelope to hold and protect the stamp pane for 25 cents. The special ink also causes a full 16-stamp pane of the stamps to be slightly crinkled. Banknote Corporation of America printed the stamp and CTI, a specialized ink printer based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, added the thermochromic ink.

The Eclipse stamp was released on June 20 and celebrated with a first-day ceremony at the Art Museum of the University of Wyoming in Laramie. Taking part in the ceremony were NASA astrophysicist Madhulika “Lika” Guthakurta, University of Wyoming Department of Physics and Astronomy Professor Chip Kobulnicky, and astrophysicist Fred Espenak, known as “Mr. Eclipse,” joined the Postal Service for the first-day-of-issue ceremony.

The Solar Eclipse forever stamp is issued in a pane of 16. Art director Antonio Alcalá of Alexandria, Virginia, designed the stamp. The stamp features a photograph of an eclipse taken by Espenak on March 29, 2006 in Jalu, Libya.

Espenak, of Portal, Arizona, is a retired NASA astrophysicist and is considered by many to be the world’s leading authority on total solar eclipses with 27 under his belt.

A total solar eclipse provides us with the only chance to see the sun’s corona — its extended outer atmosphere — without specialized instruments. During the total phase of an eclipse the corona appears as a gossamer white halo around the black disk of the moon, resembling the petals of a flower reaching out into space.

Tens of millions of people in the United States hope to view this rare event, which has not been seen on the U.S. mainland since 1979. The eclipse will travel a narrow path across the entire country for the first time since 1918.

“With the release of these amazing stamps using thermochromic ink, we’ve provided an opportunity for people to experience their own personal solar eclipse every time they touch the stamps,” said Jim Cochrane, chief customer and marketing officer for the USPS, who took part in the first-day ceremony. “As evidenced by this stamp and other amazing innovations, the Postal Service is enabling a new generation to bridge the gap and tighten the connection between physical mail and the digital world.”

A total eclipse of the sun occurs when the moon completely blocks the visible solar disk from view, casting a shadow on Earth.

On the back of the pane is a map of the United States showing the path of totality, those places where the sun will be completely blocked as the moon passes between it and Earth. “The 70-mile-wide shadow path of the eclipse, known as the path of totality, will traverse the country diagonally, appearing first in Oregon (mid-morning local time) and exiting some 2,500 miles east and 90 minutes later off the coast of South Carolina (mid-afternoon local time),” the pane says.

Guthakurta warned that only people within the path of totality should view the eclipse with the naked eye.

“The sun can be viewed safely with the unaided eye only during the few brief seconds or minutes of a total solar eclipse,” said Guhathakurta. “Partial eclipses or partial phases of total solar eclipses are never safe to watch without solar eclipse glasses.”

Guthakurta recommended learning more on solar eclipse safety, educational and science information at eclipse2017.nasa.gov.

According to the timeanddate.com website, here are a few times of totality from west to east, all listed in local time and rounded to the nearest minute: Bend, Oregon, 10:20 a.m.; Idaho Falls, Idaho, 11:33 a.m.; Lincoln, Nebraska, 1:03 p.m.; St. Louis, Missouri, 1:18 p.m.; Nashville, Tennessee, 1:28 p.m.; and Charleston, South Carolina, 2:47 p.m.

Flowers from the Garden Decorate
Forever Stamps Starting August 16

Flowers from the Garden
Flowers from the Garden

Flowers painted by a contemporary American artist will appear on four Flowers from the Garden forever stamps to be issued August 16 by the U.S. Postal Service.

The first-day ceremony will be at 4 p.m. local time at the Mary Jo Arboretum and East Sioux Falls Historic Site in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Among those scheduled to be on hand are South Dakota Governor Dennis Daugaard and stamp artist Elizabeth Brandon.

The stamps feature still-life paintings of bountiful floral bouquets by Brandon, whose paintings were inspired by floral still-lifes created by Dutch and Flemish artists of the 17th and 18th centuries.

Each stamp features one of four different paintings of flowers gathered from the garden and artfully arranged in a container. One stamp features red camellias and yellow forsythia in a yellow pitcher, while on another there are white peonies and pink tree peonies in a clear vase. An arrangement of white hydrangeas, white and pink roses, green hypericum berries, and purple lisianthus in a white vase graces another stamp, while blue hydrangeas in a blue pot appear on another.

The pressure-sensitive stamps are being sold in booklets of 20, and coils of 3,000 and 10,000.

Derry Noyes, of Washington, D.C., was art director, designer, and typographer for these stamps.

The first-day ceremony is free and open to the public, though guests are asked to RSVP at usps.com/flowers.

Flower Once Thought Extinct in the Wild on New Postal Card August 11

The artistry of illustrator Dugald Stermer appears on a new stamped postal card to be issued Friday, August 11, the first day of the three-day Americover 2017 show in Independence, Ohio. The postal card also goes on sale nationwide Friday.

There will be three varieties of the nondenominated (34 cents) Azulillo Chilean Blue Crocus forever postal card: a single card; a double-reply card, and an uncut sheet of 40 cards. The basic postal card sells for 38 cents, which includes 34 cents of current postage plus 4 cents for the cost of the card.

A first-day ceremony is set for 11 a.m. at the annual show and exhibition sponsored by the American First Day Cover Society. The show takes place Friday through Sunday at the Embassy Suites by Hilton Cleveland-Rockside, 5800 Rockside Woods Boulevard, in Independence.

The Azulillo Chilean Blue Crocus is a flowering perennial native to Chile, the naturally grows at more than a mile high on the dry on the stony slopes in the Andes mountains. Although it had survived in cultivation due to its use as a greenhouse and landscape plant, it was believed to be extinct in the wild due to overcollecting, overgrazing, and general destruction of habitat, until it was rediscovered in 2001.

The imprinted stamp on the postal card features an existing floral illustration by Stermer (1936-2011), a longtime illustrator and designer. He was a major illustrative force behind Ramparts magazine and his other clients included the New York Times, New Yorker, the U.S. Department of State, and the 1984 Summer Olympics (for which he created the medals) in Los Angeles. He is credited with the illustration on the cover of the first issue of Mother Jones magazine in 1976, and how own nature books, Vanishing Creatures (1981), Vanishing Flora (1995), and Birds & Bees (1995).

Ethel Kessler, of Bethesda, Maryland, was art director, designer, and typographer for this card.